Frequently Asked Questions
Everything you need to know about EV.com
An electric vehicle, also known as an EV, is a type of car that exclusively relies on electricity for power. Rather than a conventional engine that generates energy through combustion of a fuel source like gasoline, EVs utilize a large battery pack that stores electricity which is then channelled through electric motors to move the wheels and propel the vehicle. While there are different types of electric motors that use electricity in varying ways, the ultimate outcome remains unchanged.
The environmental impact of electric vehicles is influenced by several factors such as the manufacturing process, components utilized during construction, and the source of energy used to power the car on a daily basis. States with more renewable energy sources, such as Washington, have a lower carbon footprint compared to those with less renewable energy, like Wyoming. Furthermore, the use of solar panels to power electric vehicles can significantly reduce their carbon footprint.
PHEV, BEV, and Hybrid EV are all types of electric vehicles (EVs) that use varying combinations of electric motors and internal combustion engines: • PHEVs combine an internal combustion engine with an electric motor and have a plug-in rechargeable battery, offering a limited all-electric range. • BEVs rely entirely on electric power, using a battery pack and electric motor for engine power, with no internal combustion engine. • Hybrid EVs use both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor, with a small non-plug-in battery pack charged through regenerative braking and the engine.
The charging speed of an electric vehicle is dependent on factors such as the manufacturer's architecture and the type of outlet used. With a standard 120-Volt outlet (Level 1), it may take up to 50 hours to fully charge an EV with a 250-mile range. On the other hand, a 240-Volt outlet (Level 2) can charge an electric vehicle within 6-12 hours. Additionally, DC Fast Charging can charge an EV up to 80% within approximately 30 minutes.
In Canada, there are both free and paid electric vehicle charging stations available. Some charging stations are operated by public utilities, while others are privately owned and operated. The cost to charge at a station can vary depending on the location and the type of charging offered (Level 1, Level 2, or DC fast charging). However, many charging stations offer free charging as an incentive for drivers to use their facility, particularly at locations like hotels, restaurants, and shopping centers. It's important to research charging station options in your area and check the pricing and availability before you plan a long trip.
Each electric vehicle manufacturer has its own charging standards, and not all electric vehicle chargers are the same. Tesla, for example, uses its own proprietary charger at its Supercharger locations, which is not compatible with other EVs. Tesla does provide an adapter (J1172) that can be used at non-Tesla public charging stations, but there’s still a third type of charger, CHAdeMO, used by other charging providers like EVgo and Electrify America. For home charging, manufacturers typically provide a mobile charging cable that is rated for either 120 volts or 240 volts. It’s best to check with the specific vehicle manufacturer to ensure you have the right outlet or adapter before purchasing an electric vehicle. However, there are now more converters and accessories available that allow EV owners access to multiple charging platforms.
No. Unlike internal combustion engines that require multiple gears to transfer power to the wheels, electric vehicles use electric motors that can provide a much wider range of torque without the need for gears. This means that electric vehicles do not require traditional transmissions, which can make them simpler and more efficient. However, some electric vehicles may still have a single-speed transmission to optimize the performance of the electric motor.
Electric vehicles are capable of functioning in cold weather, including below freezing temperatures. However, similar to all batteries, the car's performance may be restricted until the battery pack has warmed up. In cold weather, the HVAC system's usage may result in a substantial loss of range. To overcome this, some manufacturers are introducing solutions such as a heat pump and enabling drivers to preheat their vehicles while still connected to the charging station.